Khoram Abad is the biggest city of Iran’s Lur, located in the Zagros valleys on the North-South road. The city has mediteranean weather with high average of rainfall. People here speak Luri with khoram Abadi accent.
In Elamite time, in the place of the city we now know as Khoram Abad, there was a city called Kaidalou. This city was the politic center of Simashki Kings who were one of the clans of Elamite. The passing of time and constant war with neighboring powers like Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian leaves nothing but ruins from Kaidalou. Shapur II orders the construction of a city over the ruins, calling the new city Shapur Khast.
The historic sites in Khoram Abad shows that it was a very thriving city, the Falak ol Aflak castle is the best witness of that. The city of Shapur Khast is completely destroyed in the Mongol attack. Probably, at the end of 13th century, the city was abandoned, and those who remained there stayed in the western parts of the Castle that had better access to water and was more secure. From the 14th century, the only name that is used to refer to this place is Khoram Abad, which shows that a new city was formed.
Khoram Abad kept its importance in the Safavid Era, and like the rest of the country was developed. It was in this time that the Jameh Mosque of the city was built, which later was restored by Karim Khan of Zand Dynasty. Around 70 years ago, the mosque was turned to a school of religious studies.
In the Qajar time, the city was limited to the area around the Falak ol Aflak, but it was flourishing in business. The economic booming starts a period of immigration to Khoram Abad which in turn adds to the developments of it. In Pahlavi dynasty, the army entered the area to suppress the increasing power of nomadic tribes. To house the soldiers and have a place of commanding, series of constructs were built that included city hall, barrack, stable, and commanding section. The whole thing was made in the area around the 12-towers fortification of Falak ol Aflak. Besides, some sections of the castle were used as well.
In the eight years of war between Iran and Iraq, Khoram Abad became extremely important. It was near the three border provinces of Iran, but far enough to be used as the commanding spot of the Army. For the same reason, it was repeatedly bombard and was destroyed seriously.
The most known attractions of Khoram Abad include Falak ol Aflak Castle, Brick Minaret, Shapuri Bridge, Gerdab Sangi, Baba Tahir Mausoleum, and Keeyow Lake.