In the course of history, whenever the country was stable and did not face problems such as war, the greed for valuable treasures and precious stones were felt. The history describes some jewels that beside a name nothing is remained of. Some of them were taken in raids and wars, some were bestowed to other kingdoms to prevent the war, and some were given to compensate a debt. What we know today of the treasures of Iran is from Safavid Dynasty onward, since it was in this time that with the establishment of Royal Treasury, all the treasures were registered and reports were written on what happened to them. The biggest collection of such treasures, today, is kept in the museum of National Treasury. This museum is located in the basement of Iran’s national bank in Tehran and was built by a French company with heavy security.
Nader Shah’s Throne is made of separate pieces about 225 cm and has some inscriptions on the sides which prove that it was built in Fath Ali Shah’s time. 26,733 precious stone is used for this throne, all applied over a wooden throne that was covered with gold. The back of the throne is in shape of a peacock’s tail with two curved shape on either side that lead to the head of a parrot on one side and the head of a dock on the other.
What we know today of the treasures of Iran is from Safavid Dynasty onward, since it was in this time that with the establishment of Royal Treasury, all the treasures were registered and reports were written on what happened to them. The biggest collection of such treasures, today, is kept in the museum of National Treasury.
Daryaye Noor Diamond is also known as Sea of Light, and one of the most precious jewels of the treasury and the most famous of them. This diamond is about 182 carats, which is one of the largest diamonds of the world. Its pink color makes it even more important since this color is very rare in diamonds. This diamond was part of a bigger diamond that was divided and made into two separate piece. Together with Kooh Nour (Mountain of Light), Daryaye Noor was a booty that Nader Shah took after his attack on India.
Kiani Crown was made in the early Qajar Era and to be used by Fath Ali Shah Qajar. The crown is notable since it is the first crown since Sassanid dynasty to be made in this shape with four sections, the lower section or Sarband filled with rubies and diamonds, the middle section or Balat filled entirely by pears, rubies and emeralds and diamonds. The upper section or Kongereh with triangular shape, and after that the velvet hat is seen. This crown has 1800 pears, 300 emeralds, 1500 rubies, and many diamonds.
A group of jewel makers built The Jewel Globe by the order of Naser Al Din Shah, Fourth Qajar King. The base of the globe is made from pure gold, weighing about 34 kg with about 3656 g. jewels adorning it. The continents and countries are made of jewels and about 51366 precious stones was used in this globe. The globe is not geographically right since the makers were Jewel masters and not geographers.